23 May 2024

Headache, constipation and cramps top the list of common symptoms experienced during the hot season in Thailand, according to the Department of Health’s latest survey.

Meanwhile, the Thai Meteorological Department predicts that the Heat Index will reach the red (very dangerous) level during April 18 – 27, 2024 in 15 provinces including; Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Chon Buri, Samut Prakan, Chanthaburi, Trat, Surin, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phuket, Surat Thani, Krabi, Phang-nga, Yala, Narathiwat and Bangkok.

According to the survey conducted between April 1 and 4; 52.8% of the 682 respondents are worried that high temperatures will moderately affect their quality of life, while 19.8% say they are very worried.

The 3 most common symptoms reported are;

  • Headache (21.9%)
  • Constipation (13.6%)
  • Leg, arm and stomach cramps (12.7%)

According to the director–general of the Department of Health, Dr. Achara Nitiapinyasakul, the survey also found that the respondents are finding ways to take care of their health during the hot weather.

To help cope with the heat, Dr. Achara recommends wearing airy fabrics and light coloured clothing, drinking more water without waiting to feel thirsty, wearing wide brim hats and sunglasses, and using sunscreens.

When the heat index reaches a dangerous level (orange), Dr. Achara warns that the length of time spent outdoors should be reduced. Parents should watch their children closely and never leave them alone in a car parked in the sun.

The symptoms of heat stroke can include a body core temperature exceeding 40 degrees Celsius, red skin which is warm to the touch, an elevated heart rate, a strong pulse, headache, disorientation, dizziness, nausea and fainting.

Most importantly, monitor your own condition and those of your family members. If there is a suspicion of heat stroke, try to reduce the body temperature by using cold compresses and seek medical help or contact the Department of Health hotline 1478 or 1669.